Subordinate clause – a dependent clause introduced by
a subordinating conjunction (after, although, as, as long
as, because, before, even though, since, until, when,
while); also called an adverbial clause
Dependent clause – a clause that functions as an
adverbial, adjectival, or nominal (in contrast to an
Independent clause – the main clause of the sentence,
consisting of a subject and predicate
because can easily lead writers
into creating sentence fragments. Because it begins a
subordinate clause. The previous “sentence”
("Because it begins a subordinate clause") is a
fragment. Notice that, like all subordinate clauses,
the fragment contains a subject (it) and a verb (begins),
but the clause does not function as a sentence--the
subordinate clause needs to be attached to an independent clause
to form a complete idea.
subordinate clause is a dependent clause
introduced by a
subordinating conjunction, such as because,
while, since, after, or though. A
subordinate clause is always attached to an
independent clause, or a clause with a subject and verb
that expresses a complete thought. Because subordinate
clauses do contain a subject and verb, they are easily
deceptive, often sounding like sentences, especially in
did you hand this to me?”
“Because you know what to do
This type of error is typically found in everyday speech.
The second “sentence” is a subordinate clause—even
though it is punctuated like a sentence and may “feel” like
walked an entire mile. Because she went to the store,
then she stopped by Sonic.
second “sentence” explains the first, it is not actually a
simplest way to amend a because-fragment is to attach
it before or after an independent clause—which is usually
the preceding sentence. If you place it before the clause,
set it off by a comma.
she went to the store, then she stopped by Sonic, Kali
walked an entire mile.
Rhetorical Grammar: Grammatical Choices, Rhetorical Effects. 5th
ed. New York: Pearson, 2007.