As stated earlier, in some transitive phrases the verb can be separated from the preposition or adverb so that a noun or pronoun (the direct object) can be inserted between them.
For Example: All three of these sentences are correct.
1. Can you add up the total in your head?
*In this sentence, you see that the phrase is not separated. The direct object comes after the phrase “add up”.
2. She added it up in her head.
*In this sentence the phrase is separated by the direct object, it, which is a pronoun. Because the direct object is a pronoun, it must come between the verb and the preposition.
3. She added the total up in her head.
*In this sentence you see that the phrase is separated by the direct object, the total, which is a noun. The direct object comes between the verb and the preposition.
The following chart is a brief list of transitive, separable phrases and several of their meanings. By no means is this a complete list. It is important to remember that there can be several idiomatic meanings for just one phrasal verb.
|calm down||to relax, to cause someone or some creature to be less active or upset|
|carry out||fulfill, complete, accomplish perform, to lift up and move someone or something out|
|hand down||pass something to someone on a lower level, to issue a ruling, pass something down through many generations|
|keep up||continue, keep the same pace, maintain a certain behavior|
|put on||dress in, deceive or fool|
|set up||arrange, to place someone or something in an upright position|
|take down||remove from a high position, write from dictation, to write something down in something, to move someone or something to a lower position|
|think through||consider from beginning to end|
|wear out||use until no longer usable, tire greatly|
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