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Paragraph and Sentence Strategy:
Moving From Known (Old) Information to Unknown (New) Information


Strategy 3—Using the Known to Link to the Preceding Sentences

The writer can also take what is considered new information in one sentence and make it the known information in the next sentence. Here is yet another revised version of the passage about chocolate, and this version makes use of this strategy:

Chocolate does more than just taste good—it has physiological effects. Chocolate contains caffeine, which provides spurts of energy. This caffeine releases endorphins. Such endorphins create a sense of relaxation and comfort. Chocolate also contains a cannaboid. This cannaboid, when consumed in very large quantities, can lead to altered states of consciousness. These altered mental states can…

The passage above makes use of the new information about caffeine in one sentence by making it the known information at the beginning of the subsequent sentence. The same strategy was used for the information about endorphins, the cannaboid, and the altered states of consciousness. The writer has created a “domino effect” here—each sentence’s new information falls into the next sentence’s known information.



Continue to exercise 1 to test your understanding of this handout.



Copyright 2006 by the Student Success Center and the University of Houston-Victoria.
Created 2006 by Kelli Trungale.