Welcome to the English as a Foreign Language (EFL) Information Resource Center. These handouts were developed with the EFL writer in mind, but writers who need to review rules about articles or prepositions will also find these handouts useful.
A, An or The? Understanding Articles: This handout discusses the rules for using definite (the) and indefinite (a, an) articles and also discusses some exceptions to the rules. Exercises to test your understanding and suggested resources are available.
Phrasal Verbs as Idioms: This handout discusses the difference between transitive, separable; transitive, inseparable; and intransitive, never separable phrasal verbs.
Understanding Verbs: Basic Types of Verbs: This handout defines the basic English verb types: action, linking and auxiliary. It discusses the purposes of each type and explains how to identify them. Exercises to test your understanding are available.
Understanding Verbs: Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives: This handout discusses the verbals: how they are constructed and how they are used. It provides tips for identifying each kind of verbal. Exercises to test your understanding are available.
Understanding Verbs: Transitive versus Intransitive: This handout discusses transitive and intransitive verbs in terms of how they interact with other parts of the sentence. Exercises to test your understanding are available.
Understanding Verbs: Verb Tenses: This handout discusses the tenses of English verbs in terms of time and aspect. It illustrates the 12 verb tenses and explains how they are constructed. Exercises to test your understanding are available.
EFL writers may also find these handouts, available within the Grammar Center, useful:
Parts of Speech: This handout reviews the eight parts of speech in English: nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, conjunctions, prepositions and interjections. It is a good basis for the other handouts in the grammar center.
Subject/Verb Agreement: Part 1 of the handout discusses the rules for subject/verb agreement. Part 2 of the handout discusses techniques for avoiding subject/verb agreement errors. Exercises to test your understanding are available.