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University of Houston-Victoria

Disability Services

    • Cheryl Worley
      Manager, Disability Services
      and At-Risk Programs

      University West 132B
      (located in the Counseling Center)
      Phone: 361-570-4287
      toll free: 877-970-4848, ext. 4287
      Fax: 361-580-5504

Differences Between High School and College

The transition from high school to college presents changes and challenges for all students. The responsibilities of postsecondary institutions differ significantly from those of public school districts. There is no "special education" program at the college level, however, colleges are prohibited from discriminating on the basis of disability and are required to ensure equal access for otherwise qualified students with disabilities. "Equal access" includes providing students with reasonable accommodations. Making the transition from high school to college involves developing an understanding of the types of accommodations that are reasonable at the postsecondary level.

Applicable Laws and Intent

High School

College

Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA)
   (Special Education)
Section 504, Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 1990
ADA Amendments (ADAAA), 2008

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 1990
ADA Amendments (ADAAA), 2008
Section 504, Rehabilitation Act of 1973

IDEA: To provide a free, appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment to identified students with disabilities, including special education and related services.
504/ADA : To ensure that no otherwise qualified individual with a disability, shall, solely by reason of her or his disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance

504/ADA : To ensure that no otherwise qualified individual with a disability, shall, solely by reason of her or his disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance

Student must meet all regular admission requirements and program requirements in order to be eligible to attend college

IDEA is an entitlement law under direction of the US Department of Education, Office of Special Education & Rehabilitation Services

504/ADA – Civil Rights law enforced by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Office of Civil Rights (OCR)

Focus is on student SUCCESS

Focus is to ensure equal ACCESS to all educational opportunities, programs, & services

Curriculum standards may be modified in order to ensure success.

Academic accommodations may not fundamentally alter the essential nature of a course, curriculum, or program



Identification and Accommodation Process

High School

College

Public school is obligated to identify students with disabilities

The student must “self-identify” to the Office of Disability Services

Public school provides a full and individual assessment (FIA) at no cost to the student or family

If student does not have documentation, he/she must obtain any required evaluation at their own expense.

Accommodations and modifications are designed to guarantee success and lead to HS graduation

Accommodations help ’level the academic playing field’ so that students with disabilities have equal opportunity for success

Public school has primary responsibility for arranging accommodations
Parents, teachers, and counselors often are the lead advocates for the student

The student is responsible for self-advocacy and arranging for accommodations
Disability office advocates for accessibility

Parents and teachers are responsible for monitoring attendance, homework, and course progress

Students are responsible for monitoring their own attendance to classes, completing homework, and knowing course progress



Role of Parent and Student

High School

College

Parents and teachers are responsible for monitoring attendance, homework, and course progress

Students are responsible for monitoring attendance to classes, completing homework, and knowing course progress

School personnel and Parents manage most of your time

Student is responsible for managing time

Parents and teachers remind you of your responsibilities and help guide you in setting priorities

Student is on their own and must balance responsibilities and set priorities

Parent has full access to student records and participates in the accommodation process, and can conference with teachers to discuss issues/concerns (until student is 18)

Parent does not have access to student records unless student provides written consent; staff or faculty cannot discuss the student’s academic progress or other issues with parents unless the student has given permission; the student must be present to discuss any disability services issues